On this day
  • 1975: Queen live on A Night At the Opera Tour at City Hall, Newcastle, UK.
  • 1977: Queen live on News Of The World Tour at Summit, Houston, USA.

Read all 6 events for 11 December at diary.QueenSongs.info

The Works

Documented Timeline:

  • 1983:
    • July: John and Frederick fly to Montreal and agree to do the soundtrack for Hotel New Hampshire. Frederick starts recording 'Keep Passing the Open Windows' in Munich.
    • August: Queen meet up in Los Angeles to begin working on the album.
    • Mid-to-Late Autumn: Queen fly to Munich to finish off the album.
  • 1984:
    • January: Album finished and mixed in Munich.
      • Monday 23rd: The lead single, 'Radio Ga Ga' / 'I Go Crazy', is released in EMI territories.
    • February:
      • Wednesday 1st: 'Radio Ga Ga' is certified Silver in the UK for having sold 250,000 copies.
      • Tuesday 7th: The lead single, 'Radio Ga Ga' / 'I Go Crazy', is released in Capitol territories.
      • Monday 27th: The album is released in Britain.
    • Thursday 15th March: The album is simultaneously certified Silver and Gold in the UK for having sold 60,000 and 100,000 copies, respectively.
    • April:
      • Monday 2nd: The sophomore single, 'I Want to Break Free' / 'Machines', is released in Britain.
      • Tuesday 24th: The album is certified Gold in the USA, for having sold a million dollars worth of copies in that territory.
    • May:
      • Tuesday 1st: 'I Want to Break Free' is certified Silver in the UK for having sold 250,000 copies.
      • Wednesday 30th May: The album is certified Platinum in the UK for having sold 300,000 copies in that territory.
  • 2014:
    • 23rd April: 'I Want to Break Free' (digital reissue) is certified Gold in America for having sold half a million copies in that territory.

Documented Recording Venues:

  • Musicland Studios in the Arabella House basement, Munich, Bavaria 81925, Federal Republic of Germany.
  • Record Plant on 1032 North Sycamore Avenue, Hollywood, Los Angeles, California 90038, United States of America.

Documented Personnel:

  • Performers:
    • The band:
      • John Deacon: Electric bass, electric guitars, analogue and digital synthesisers, drum computer.
      • Brian May: Backing vocals, acoustic and electric guitars, analogue and digital synthesisers, drum computer.
      • Frederick Mercury: Lead and backing vocals, acoustic piano, analogue and digital synthesisers, drum computer.
      • Roger Taylor: Lead and backing vocals, acoustic drums, analogue and digital synthesisers, drum computer.
    • Guest musicians:
      • Reinhold Mack: Digital synthesiser.
      • Frederick Mandel: Analogue and digital synthesisers, acoustic piano.
  • Studio Crew:
    • Michael Beiriger: Assistant engineer (Record Plant).
    • Edward Delena: Assistant engineer (Record Plant).
    • Reinhold Mack: Deputy producer, chief engineer.
    • Stephan Wissnet: Assistant engineer (Musicland).
  • Technical Crew:
    • Peter Freestone: Equipment supervision.
    • Peter Hince: Equipment supervision.
    • Christopher Taylor: Equipment supervision.
    • Brian Zellis: Equipment supervision.

Documented Instruments:

  • Electric Basses:
    • Fender Precisions:
      • 1955 Masterbuilt: Possibly a spare, but perhaps used somewhere.
      • 196?: John had two, which may have been his main ones.
      • 1981 Special: Possibly a spare, but perhaps used somewhere.
      • 1983 Elite: New acquisition, may have been used on the album.
    • Non-Fenders:
      • Kramer DMZ: Most likely merely a spare, but could've also been used somewhere.
      • Music Man Stingray: Possibly a spare, but perhaps used somewhere.
  • Guitars:
    • BHM Bespoke: Brian's main.
    • Fender Stratocaster: 'I Want to Break Free'.
    • Fender Telecasters: 'Man on the Prowl' and 'I Want to Break Free'.
    • Gibson Chet Atkins CE: 'I Want to Break Free'.
    • Gibson Firebird: 'Hammer to Fall' and 'Tear It Up' (rhythm).
    • Ovation Pacemaker: 'Is This the World We Created'.
  • Keyboards:
    • Fairlight CMI-II Digital Sampler: Quite prominent on the album.
    • Oberheim OB-Xa: Used frequently during these sessions.
    • Roland Jupiter 8 Analogue Synthesiser: Used prominently (e.g. 'Ga Ga', 'Break Free').
    • Roland VP-330 Analogue Synthesiser: Possibly used, though not necessarily.
    • Yamaha C-7 7' 5" Acoustic Pianos: Housed at both The Record Plant and Musicland.
  • Percussion:
    • Ludwig Bespoke Acoustic Drums: Roger's main kits (he had several of them).
    • Simmons SDS-V Electronic Drums: Possibly merely a spare on this album.

Documented Studio Equipment:

  • Microphones:
    • AKG (Various Models).
      • C-414: Reportedly, this was the main microphone used for Frederick's vocals.
    • Beyerdynamic (Unknown Models).
    • Neumann (Various Models).
    • Sennheiser (Various Models).
    • Shure (Unknown Models).
    • Sony (Various Models).
  • Sundry Equipment:
    • AKG Echo Chambers: Musicland.
    • Audio Kinetics Synchroniser: Musicland.
    • Cadac Monitors: Musicland.
    • EMT 140 Plate Reverb: Musicland.
    • Harrison 4832 Mixing Console: Musicland.
    • Linn LM-2 Drum Computer.
    • Scott TC-2440 Equaliser: Musicland.

Myths, Legends & Ongoing Debates

  • Roger Hating 'It's a Hard Life': He hated the video (as did John and, for a while, Brian), but he liked the song.